3.7. Generic administration tools

In the field of administration, we could also consider some tools, such as those designed generically for administration purposes. Although it is difficult to keep up to date with these tools because of the current plans of distribution with different versions, which evolve very quickly. We will mention a few examples (although at a certain time they may not be completely functional):

a) Linuxconf: this is a generic administration tool that groups together different aspects in a kind of text menu interface, which in the latest versions evolved to web support; it can be used with practically any GNU/Linux distribution and supports various details inherent to each one (unfortunately, it has not been updated for a while).

b) Webmin: this is another administration tool conceived from a web interface; it functions with a series of plug-ins that can be added for each service that needs to be administered; normally it has forms that specify the service configuration parameters; it also offers the possibility (if activated) of allowing remote administration from any machine with a navigator.

c) Others under development like cPanel, ISPConfig.

At the same time, the Gnome and KDE desktop environments tend to include the "Control Panel" concept, which allows management of the graphical interfaces' visual aspect as well as the parameters of some system devices.

Example 3-15. Note

We can find them in: Linuxconf http://www.solucorp.qc.c a/linuxconf

With regards to the individual graphics tools for administration, the GNU/Linux distribution offers some directly (tools that accompany both Gnome and KDE), tools dedicated to managing a device (printers, sound, network card etc.), and others for the execution of specific tasks (Internet connection, configuring the start up of system services, configuring X Window, visualising logs...). Many of them are simple front-ends for the system's basic tools, or are adapted to special features of the distribution.

In this section, we should particularly highlight the Fedora distribution (Red Hat and derivatives), which tries to offer several (rather minimalist) utilities for different administration functions, we can find them on the desktop (in the administration menu), or in commands like system-config-xxxxx for different management functionalities for: screen, printer, network, security, users, packages etc. We can see some of them in the figure: